Water is one of the basic resources in farming. Whether you are carrying out small-scale or large-scale farming, you will need sufficient supply of this resource. Poor management of water from the source point to the point of disposal is one factor that negatively affects the availability of water for farming. Below is an outline on how you can conserve your water and get sufficient amounts round the year.
Counter the Storms
Storms have a great negative impact on agriculture, and can amount to great losses for you. Storm runoff is often contaminated with pollutants, which contaminate the soil and water catchment areas. Also, storms cause intensive soil erosion meaning that they will wear out the fertile top soil.
Investing in a constructed wetland is an effective way of managing storm runoff. The runoff is channeled and collected in the wetland where it's treated and conserved. Also, if you are farming in a storm-prone area you should also consider intensive afforestation. Opt for trees that can withstand lots of water and also absorb lots of it such as the bald cypress or willows.
Install Wastewater Management Systems
Agricultural wastewater is produced in large quantities especially in large-scale farming. If the rate of water output is extremely high compared to the input, then water bills will escalate, and your water source will also deplete gradually.
One effective way to conserve your water and minimize bills is by constructing a good centralized sewerage system. This system will be used to collect all wastewater produced, and enable you to treat and reuse it. Consult your sewerage service provider and have an appropriate system installed. A constructed wetland may also apply in this case, so remember to consider it as one of your sewerage system solutions.
Regulate Water Consumption
Water wastage in farming is a common cause of water depletion. Water insufficiency may be as a result of drought or poor farming methods and technologies, especially in the dry season. Learning ways to regulate water consumption is critical in maintaining a successful agricultural project.
Research on appropriate technologies and systems you can use to prevent water misuse. Drip irrigation is a good example of a water system that minimizes the exposure of water to the sun and provides just the necessary amount of water to the crops. Reuse of treated water from constructed wetlands, either a storm water or wastewater wetland, is another great way to regulate your rate of water consumption.
The tips provided above are great options for you to consider when it comes to minimizing farming bills, and saving your water sources from depletion.